On Absence

1
Absence has ontological priority over presence.

1.1
Constraints on living and being are defined by absence rather than positive obstructions: the absence of clean water; the absence of money; the absence of recognition; and so on.

1.1.1
People are not born free.

1.1.2
To be unfree is not to have supplementary forces enchaining a pre-existing freedom; it is to be restricted by what one does not have.

1.2
To become free is to remove lacks: to absent absences.

2
Art is constrained by what is absent from it.

2.1
Appropriate behaviour with art is nothing but the exclusion of the possibility of other forms of behaviour.

3
Expectations, rules and conventions block alternatives as much as prohibitions: they deprive one of the terms in which something else might be thought.

3.1
The Law and its transgression establish and rely upon each other.

3.1.1
Freedom is not alternative behaviour.

3.1.2
The absence of Law is not its transgression; it is the absence of the dialectic of Law and transgression.

3.2
Freedom is alternative relations between persons.

4.
Freedom is a different society.